An Act Regarding Reconstruction of Residential Structures on Sand Dunes
Emergency preamble. Whereas, acts and resolves of the Legislature do not become effective until 90 days after adjournment unless enacted as emergencies; and
Whereas, routine technical rules regarding reconstruction of an existing structure in a frontal dune were adopted by the Department of Environmental Protection in 2012, pursuant to Public Law 2011, chapter 538, and those rules are not consistent with legislative intent; and
Whereas, changes in the conditions for approval of reconstruction of an existing structure on a frontal sand dune are needed before the summer building season in order to avoid harm to the coastal sand dune system; and
Whereas, in the judgment of the Legislature, these facts create an emergency within the meaning of the Constitution of Maine and require the following legislation as immediately necessary for the preservation of the public peace, health and safety; now, therefore,
Sec. 1. 38 MRSA §480-AA, as enacted by PL 2003, c. 130, §1, is repealed and the following enacted in its place:
§ 480-AA. Coastal sand dune
(1) Is a permanent structure that has not been previously reconstructed;
(2) Existed in a back dune on the lot and was landward of an existing seawall prior to June 8, 2006;
(3) Was originally constructed in a back dune after January 1, 2003, in accordance with a permit issued by the department under this article; and
(4) Is not severely damaged by wave action from an ocean storm;
(1) Is landward of an existing seawall;
(2) Has a footprint that is 2,500 square feet or less, that is not located in a V-zone as identified on the effective Flood Insurance Rate Maps issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and that does not exceed 20% of the total area of the lot. The land area within the V-zone may not be included as part of the lot for purposes of this subparagraph and up to 500 square feet of additional development may occur on the lot in order to provide parking and access, including handicap access;
(3) Is elevated on posts as required in rules of the department regarding sand and water movement;
(4) Is no more than 35 feet in height, except that it may exceed 35 feet for the sole purpose of meeting the elevation requirements in rules of the department regarding sand and water movement; and
(5) Is constructed at the greatest practicable distance from the beach, as determined by the department;
(1) Was a deeded lot of record as of August 1, 1983;
(2) Is not precluded from development by any other federal, state or local requirements; and
(3) Has an adjacent lot on each of its sides, along the length of the frontal dune, that contains a residential building that is located within 100 feet of the lot line and that existed on January 1, 2003; and
In approving reconstruction pursuant to this subsection, the department shall require sand dune mitigation and enhancement measures, including, but not limited to, restoring the dune topography and elevating the crest of the sand dune to at least one foot above the 100-year floodplain or wave run-up level and enhancing with native vegetation the portions of the lot that are not covered by buildings or parking areas.
Emergency clause. In view of the emergency cited in the preamble, this legislation takes effect when approved.
This bill provides standards for the reconstruction in a frontal sand dune of an existing residential structure whose entire footprint is in a back dune on the same lot.